The general objective of the PERISCOPE project is to prevent child obesity between the ages of 3 and 6. PERISCOPE is aimed at combating the increase of child obesity in three European countries: Italy, Denmark and Poland.
Childhood obesity is a dramatic problem in all European countries; however, there is a scarcity of data and information regarding obesity in preschool age children in terms of prevalence, risk factors and interventions. This project, thus, with its common database and similar intervention activities, will provide valuable data and information on positive and negative factors to develop and to prevent childhood obesity, as well as a pilot study, and information on the feasibility and efficacy of similar strategies in different cultural settings.
The study will be performed in one medium-sized city, or a suburb of a large city, per country in two kindergartens where one will act as control group, while in the other preventive interventions will be performed. Children will be measured at kindergarten in height and weight by health workers, such as dieticians, paediatricians, or registered nurses, specifically trained and standardised according to WHO recommendation procedures. The project will perform an assessment of family and kindergarten factors related to childhood obesity using questionnaires and focus groups. The project will also carry out a survey on kindergarten meals.
The project will:
assess the parental feeding behaviour;
assess young children’s habits on physical activity, TV watching, and eating;
assess the appropriateness of food provision and kindergarten meals;
assess the indoor and outdoor environment of kindergarten and its impact on obesity; contribute to an active and long-lasting involvement of kindergartens in combating obesity.